It's essential to provide inclusive activities that promote social interaction, cognitive stimulation, and a sense of belonging for all residents.
While dementia presents unique cognitive and behavioral challenges, engaging residents with dementia in group activities can be very rewarding.
Here are some tips for including residents with dementia in group activities in the care home:
Keep Activities Simple and Familiar: Choose activities that are easy to understand and relate to residents' past experiences. Explore familiar activities such as singing old songs, reminiscing about past events, or simple games like bingo or balloon volleyball. Consider how you can include past interests of residents. These can help residents feel more comfortable and confident participating.
Provide Clear Instructions and Demonstrations: Clearly explain the activity and demonstrate the steps involved. Use visual cues, simple language, and gestures to reinforce instructions. Break down tasks into smaller, manageable steps to make them easier to follow.
Adapt Activities to Individual Abilities: Recognise that residents with dementia may have varying levels of cognitive functioning and physical abilities. Modify activities as needed to accommodate individual needs and preferences. Offer different levels of participation and provide assistance or encouragement as required.
Focus on Sensory Stimulation: Engage residents' senses through sensory-rich activities such as music therapy, aromatherapy, or tactile stimulation with textured materials like fabrics or sensory balls. Sensory experiences can be helpful to evoke memories, reduce agitation, and promote relaxation.
Create a Calm and Supportive Environment: Make note of the daily distractions in your activities areas consider how you can minimise these and create a calm and welcoming atmosphere for activities. For reminscence and other quieter sessions choose a quiet, well-lit space free from clutter and excessive noise.
When appropriate, use soothing background music or nature sounds to enhance relaxation and focus.
Encourage Social Interaction: Foster a sense of community and belonging by encouraging residents to interact with each other during activities. Facilitate conversations, group discussions, or storytelling sessions where residents can share memories, experiences, and thoughts. Peer support and social engagement can have a positive impact on residents' well-being. Regular coffee mornings and afternoon teas lend themselves well to relaxed conversations of all sorts.
Offer Choices and Flexibility: Find ways to provide residents with choices and opportunities so that they can make decisions about the activities they want to participate in. Offer a variety of options and allow residents to choose based on their personal interests and preferences. This helps to ensure that residents are happy with the activities provided, boredom is the fastest way to ensure that people with dementia disappear into their own world.
Involve Family Members and Caregivers: Collaborate with family members, friends and caregivers to better understand residents' preferences, interests, and abilities. Solicit their input on activity planning and encourage their involvement in group activities. Family participation can enhance residents' sense of connection and support.
Seek Training and Support: Invest in training and education on dementia care and therapeutic approaches for engaging residents in activities. Equip yourself with the knowledge and skills to effectively support residents with dementia and create meaningful experiences.
Inclusive group activities play a vital role in enhancing the quality of life for residents with dementia in care homes. Have fun creating engaging and meaningful experiences that promote social interaction, cognitive stimulation, and emotional wellbeing for all residents.